The wheat is cultivated in about 120 countries of the world. The major wheat producing countries are China, India, USA, Russian Federation, Canada, Australia, etc. The China has emerged as the largest producer of wheat and accounted for 15.7 per cent share followed by India, which shared 12.06 per cent in world production of wheat during the years 2001-2003. Although, India occupied largest area estimated at 12.08 per cent of total area under wheat in the world followed by China which occupied 11.08 per cent, the productivity of wheat in China, was appreciably higher at 3830 kgs. Compared to 2696 kgs. per hectare in India. World area, production and yield of wheat is summarized in the following table:-
Pakistan’s has always remained admirable in terms of wheat production, mainly because it’s the staple diet of 180 million residing in the country. Pakistan was an important international competitor in terms of wheat export as it was able to fulfill the country’s internal wheat requirements as well as export the surplus. In 2011, 1.7 million tons of wheat was exported while another 1.3 million tons of wheat products were also exported. In essence, the government needs to regulate its price rates and improve crop management policies as well as storage systems. Some progress is underway to set up agricultural zones which will increase agricultural facilities in this regard.
PASSCO Role in Wheat Procurement from 2000 to 2014
PASSCO Targets (M Tons)
PASSCO Procurement (M Tons)
Rate / 40 kg